Civil War effects Fort Bend during the war.

1 February 1861 -- Texas seceded from the Federal Union following a 171 to 6 vote by the Secession Convention. Governor Sam Houston was one of a small minority opposed to secession.

22 October 1861 -- Advance units of the newly formed Brigade of General H. H. Sibley marched westward from San Antonio to claim New Mexico and the American southwest for the Confederacy.

1 January 1863 -- After several weeks of Federal occupation of Texas' most important seaport, the Battle of Galveston restored the island to Texas control for remainder of Civil War.

13 May 1865 -- The last land engagement of the Civil War was fought at the Battle of Palmito Ranch in far south Texas, more than a month after Gen. Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA.


The majority of Fort Bend County's men, along with 50,000 other Texans, volunteered for the Confederate service. The City of Houston became the headquarters for the Confederate district of  Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.                                                                              Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

There was a Civil War Camp Richmond, Fort Bend County, 2nd Military Sub-District, enrolling officer W. E Herbert of Colorado County                                                        Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

There was a Civil War Camp Pittsville, The Pittsville Homeguard encamped at this Post in the summer of  1861, John L. Camp commanding.                        Bellville Countryman, June 26, 1861

BELLVILLE [TX] COUNTRYMAN, July 31, 1861, p. 2, c. 6

Banner Presentation at Pittsville.

                We have been requested by a committee at Pittsville, which is near the line of Austin and Fort Bend counties, to insert the following address, delivered recently by Miss M. J. Hedgpeth, to the Pittsville Home Guards.
Gentlemen of the Pittsville Home Guards!—In behalf of the ladies of the neighborhood I stand here to present to you a banner, the emblem of your country's nationality.  It is in no peaceful times that we make you the recipients of such an emblem, nor is it a mere display, an empty pageant, but the stern reality of an impending conflict, in which our dearest rights as freemen are involved, renders the occasion to us all, replete with the deepest interest and throws around it all the solemnity of feeling and of thought.  We are, gentlemen, on the threshold of a new epoch which has been ushered in with storm and tempest.  Already has the lightning flashed and the thunders of battle reverberated on the Southern breeze which hitherto was vocal only with the melody of peace.  We see too plainly, in the dim distance, the coercive arm of power raised threateningly against us, not to believe that the future, which is but a step in advance, is fraught with responsibilities to startle and arouse.  Then it behooves you to gird yourselves well for the contest, and meet them like men, intelligently and resolutely.  The ladies in this vicinage are deeply sensible of the emergency at hand, and have delegated me to give expression to the interest felt, by the presentation of this banner.  It is not the stars and stripes under which Southern hearts have so often braved death for honor.  No, we stand today beneath the folds of a flag symbolical of a new covenant, one that lately has received a baptism with the spirit of perfect freedom, and one which, from the depths of our hearts, we believe consecrated by the great Jehovah to success.  In placing this glorious emblem at the head of your column, we [illegible] for a moment, consider duty's debt discharged.  We are fully sensible that there are hardships to be endured, dangers to be undergone, difficulties to be surmounted; but believe us, when we declare, that the emotions of patriotism which now swell your manly bosoms, find in our hearts emotions in perfect unison, which will give us strength to endure hardships, and firmness to surmount difficulties in this cause of truth and justice, and though we may not give evidence of the existence of such patriotism, by wielding in our weak hands the rough implements of war, yet we will be bounded only by a sphere in which it is our part to move, in our contributions to yours and your country's welfare.  Ours is the task to fit you out for the distant expedition, to cheer your departure with words of hope and promises to pray hourly for your safety, to weep tears of sorrow for those who fall, to wait tenderly around the bed of suffering, and to crown with love and laurels the manly brows of those who return to us as victors.  These duties, I solemnly pledge you, in behalf of the ladies I represent, shall be performed.
Receive now, gentlemen of the Guard, this banner which we have prepared for you, from a sense of patriotic duty; carry it where the interest of our beloved country calls, be the ordeal through which it must pass one of fire and blood, but oh, remember when the God of battles shall have crowned your efforts with victory, it is the prayer of those who gave it, that its folds may wave above the heads of those who act responsive to the calls of mercy. 


Civil War Fulsher [Fulshear] Camp. Located on Fulshear Farm near Brazos Headquarters at Xavier Debray's 26th Texas Calvery Regiment and Company B, Captain E. B. Millet's 32nd Texas Calvery.  Galveston Weekly News 1865

Civil War Captain W. G. Nolan's [card #50437372] Co. Mtd. Vola,. Local Defense [Co. A, Fort Bend Rangers]. The Muster Roll list shows 33 names on May 27, 1863, Sugar Land, Fort Bend County. There is not a record that the Company received arms.                                                           Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

Civil War Captain Patric Perry's [card #50741756] Co. Texas Local Defense 'Fort Bend Scouts' organized December 8, 1862 with 21 on the Muster Roll. [M861-Roll #61] Perry was 42 years old, a farmer with over 20 Negro hands. In this company was M A. Moore, 1st Lt., R. A. Smith 2nd Lt., J. V. McCloy 2nd Lt., Private J. W. Weston [card #50741777] 30 years of age, a farmer with over twenty hands.Weston was granted to leave the C. S. upon the Steamer 'Ike Davis' on November 21, 1864.                                     Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

Confederate Rugeley's First Company I was stationed at Camp Rogers, Fort Bend County, Texas September-October 1862.                                                                       Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum


CONFEDERATE INDIGENT FAMILIES LISTS, FORT BEND COUNTY, JANUARY 10, 1865                                                                                                   Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

J A. Hall (died in service), 1

L. Hibbert, 1

Lucius HIibbert,

J-A. Newport, 2

A. W. Johnson, 5

A. M. Robinson, 5

Henry Christie, 2

H. Lee, 1

H. Walker, 1

F.T. Weeden, 5

T. Blalock, 1

C. C. Arnold, 6

Elijah Veasey, 3

W. G.Hendrick, 2

J. E.Dagnell (died in Service),3

F. Baker, 3

J. M. Oliver, 8

C. F. Roberts, 1

E. Traylor, 2
C. Jarves, 2
S Burke, 4
Wm Cook, 4




W. M. Parrott, 6

W, M. Sherrard, 2

J. J. Weyneth, 2

J. L Burnett, 1

C. H. Weaver, 2

Wm Menter, 1

J. Young, 1

C. Rosen, 7

T. J. Staples, 3

L.F. Becker, 2

H. McGawd, 4

P. Werthington, 2

W. L. Hathaway, 2

J. C. Greer, 2

M. Hills, 1

G Rodarmell, 3

P. L West, 5

J. McGrath, 3

R. Hill, 5

F. Belchear, 1

J. H. Bohne, 1

Thos Sutherland, 6

M. L. Hazlewood, 2

W. H. Albertson, 3


J. Ulrick, 3

F. Voss, 4
A. Noark,2

G. Felder,1
M. Behler,3
J.C. Carr,3

H.Gaul, 5

J. Mardis,2

Pilgrim, 4

D. Masterson, 3
C. Latterner, 5
A. Brown, 1

J. H. Sandall, 3

W. K.Johnson,2

U. Head, 3

Wm Fitzgibbons,5

J. B. Hartgraves,4

E. Boone, 3

T. Shaffer, 6

D. H. Busby (died in service),6
Henry Leach, 3

Jno Worman, 5

A. Wessendorff, 4

S. W. McMahan, 3

R. H. Werthington, 4

W B. Earnest, 1

G. W. McAuley, 2

W. A. Taylor, 2

J. M. Weiden, 4

F.  Furlow, 1

G.  M. Frazier (died in Sers), 2
G. W. Davis, 3

J Terhune, 4

M. Foster, 1

C. A. A. Delshaw, 3

M. Stevenson, 4

V. Howard (died in service), 4

W. W. Pentecast, 5

M. A. Schoolfield, 5

W. B. Dunlavy, 4

W. V Boyer, 3

W. C.Harvey, 5

L. P. Scott, 6

H. Detmer, 5

H. G. Little, 4

C. [or O.]Stratman, 5

Total 2 95

C. M. Tendall

Chief Justice of Ft B C

Gen. John Bankhead Magruder had a high regard for T. W. House's services in the Confederacy. His cotton wagons made their slow way to the Mexican border and returned with loads of vital supplies. From the cupola of his pillared home in Galveston, on stormy nights House would study with a glass the blockading United States fleet. Early the next morning he would survey the hostile vessels again. If any were missing from their stations, they were chasing his blockade runners.

Amnesty oath was granted to T. W. House, June 28, 1865

Records show that A. J. Adams of the Smada Plantation served in the Confederate Army and returned toTexas at the end of the war.

Fort Bend County in the Fall of 1861

Fort Bend County was settled in the 1820's as part of Austin's Colony, and developed along the fertile bottomlands of the Brazos River. By I860, Fort Bend County was the second most prosperous county in Texas behind Harris County. The population was 2,016 white residents and 4,127 slaves in the county. The plantation culture was dominant throughout the area—more so than virtually any other area of Texas.

When other southern states felt compelled to secede from the Union and form the Confederate States of America in order to protect what they, felt were their rights, there was sufficient clamor among Texans for similar action that a Secessionist Convention of representatives from all areas of Texas was called in early 1861. Citizens of Fort Bend County elected Benjamin Franklin Terry, who as active in local political affairs and owner of the Oakland sugar plantation (now the town of Sugar Land and the basis for the Imperial Sugar Company). During the February, 1861 election to ratify the Ordinance of Secession, Fort Bend County voted unanimously in favor of secession.

In late February, 1861, Terry was selected to command a battalion of troops sent to reinforce Col. John S. Ford in his efforts to capture the Federal forts and posts along the Rio Grande. These troops were armed by E. B. Nichols with 250 stands of U.S. muskets from the Louisiana arsenal at Baton Rouge and equipped with cartridge boxes and belts from the same source. Among the 300 men that departed with Terry on the steamer General Rusk were 75 men of the Fort Bend Rifles. Captain Daniel Conner commanded the Fort Bend Rifles, who while on this expedition were mounted on locally-purchased horses and posted to guard Boca Chico Pass, while the main force besieged Fort Brown. Ford's command was equipped from the store of ordnance and quartermasters' supplies captured in the Rio Grande expedition. Of particular note was a large quantity of artillery pieces, limbers, caissons, a battery wagon, a forge and related supplies captured for use by the Texas state troops. The command, successful in its efforts, returned to Galveston on the same ship on March 15, and the troops returned by train to Houston and Richmond.

Recruiting of Terry's Texas Rangers

Terry joined Thomas S. Lubbock and Thomas J. Goree in a journey to the East coast to appeal for a commission to raise a cavalry regiment. These three Texans served as volunteer aides on the staff of James Longstreet at the Battle of Manassas in July, 1861. In recognition of their battlefield exploits, Terry and Lubbock received commissions to raise a cavalry regiment for service in Virginia. In early August the two leaders were back in Texas, and commissioned ten captains to each raise a company ofcavalry.  Captain John Holt was to raise a company, called the Terry Guards—later Company H, from Fort Bend County.

The call to arms stipulated that each man should furnish his own gear, including rifle or shotgun, one or more revolvers, saddle, bridle, etc. Double-barrel shotguns composed 597 of the 773 long arms with which the regiment mustered, supplemented by 579 Navy Colt revolvers, 92 Army Colt revolvers, 65 "5-Shot" Colt revolvers, 22 horse pistols, and 11 Starr revolvers. Terry carried a sword used in the War of 1812—and is listed as having the only sword—the remainder having belt or bowie knives.

One soldier commented: "The personnel was of the very highest. Sons of leading families, many of them college graduates, professional men, merchants, stockmen, and farmers, served in the ranks as privates^ all young, in their teens and early twenties. Rank was scarcely considered. The supreme desire was to get into the war in a crack cavalry regiment." Terry and his officers hand-picked each member of the regiment—it being early in the war and membership in this unit so desirable that any man who did not meet the expectations of the recruiter was simply refused the privilege of enlistment.

Once recruited, the companies elected their other officers and noncommissioned officers. Following send-offs from the local areas, the companies assembled in Houston where they were mustered into Confederate service in September, 1861. "A little incident happened at the time which showed the feelings and determination of the men. They were lined upon three sides of a hollow square (as I now remember). The enrolling officer in the center asked this question, 'Do you men wish to be sworn into service for twelve months or for three years or for during the war?' With a unanimity never surpassed, a shout unheard of before, that whole body of men shouted, 'For the war,' 'For the warl' not one expecting or caring to return until the war was over, long or short, and the invaders had been driven from our borders."

Members of Company H included:

John T. Holt, Captain, age 36 Tom S. Weston, 1st Lieutenant, age 24 Robert Calder, 2nd Lieutenant, age 22 William D. Adams, 3rd Lieutenant, age 33 Gustave Cook, 1st Sergeant, age 27 Robert J. Hodges, 2nd Sergeant, age 25 Jesse Thompson, 3rd Sergeant, age 42 Johnson C. Williams, 4th Sergeant, age 23 James Edmondson, 5th Sergeant, age 28 Eugene Griffin, 1st Corporal, age 24 Edward A. Bolines/Bolmes, 2nd Corporal, age 24 Thomas D. Barrington, 3rd Corporal, age 23 David S. Terry, 4th Corporal, age 19        

Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

During the Civil War Benjamin Franklin Terry, the gallant organizer and leader of Terry's Texas Rangers, came to Texas with his mother and three brothers in the early 1850s. After returning from the California gold fields, Terry and his bus/ness partner, William J. Kyle, bought a plantation and named it Sugar Land in 1853. This large sugar and cotton plantation became one of the most successful in the country. Colonel Terry died as a Civil War hero in 1861.       


The Eighth Texas Cavalry — or, as it was frequently known, the First Texas Rangers or Terry's Texas Rangers — was mustered into Confederate service at Houston, Texas, September 9, 1861. Almost all of the officers  and many of the enlisted men of the command had seen prior service in the Texas Rangers. Although the unit had been mustered into service in September, 1861, the numerical designation was not given until the following spring, when the regiment was at Bowling Green, Kentucky.

"H"  recruited from Harris and Fort Bend Counties

Similar  to almost all Civil War  units, the Eight Texas Cavalry was often known by an alternate designation  derived from the name of the unit's commanding officer. Unofficial,  alternate  names of this type identified as Leander Lubbock’s Calvary for Company “H”.

The Eighth Texas Cavalry  was  one of the most frequently engaged of all Confederate cavalry units in the Civil War. Records have been found  locating the unit at well  over   one hundred and fifty various type skirmishes,  engagements,  battles,  etc . during  its  career.

Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

When an urgent call for military volunteers was issued before the Battle of Shiloh, Dr Moore, of the Moore Plantation, along with numerous other men in the county, enlisted in the Confederate Army for ninty days and hurried east.

As early as September 30, 1861, there were ten regiments of  Texas Confederate troops. Daniel R. Perry enlisted in Richmond, Texas, on March 26, 1862, as a corporal. His cousin William M. Perry, enlisted at the same time, and both were enlisted in Captain Thomas W. Mitchell's Company 2nd Regiment Carter's Brigade Texas Mounted Volunteers. William Perry was 27 years old when he enlisted. The Rolls of Prisoners of War, Camp Butler, Springfield, Illinois shows he was captured at Arkansas Post, Fort Hindeman, Arkansas, on January 11, 1863. He died at Camp Butler on February 26, 1863.

In 1842 John Rutherford Fenn served in William Ryon's company under Alexander Somervell but did not continue on the Mier expedition. He served as a second lieutenant in the Confederate Army during the Civil War.

Major-General John Bankhead Magruder, C. S. Army.

Headquarters, District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona,

Houston, April 27, 1864.

Official information has been received at these Headquarters that [James Gillpatrick] Blunt, with an army of 10,000 men, is marching from Missouri and Arkansas on northern Texas. This movement is doubtless a part of the programme of [Nathaniel Prentiss] Banks, the advance upon northern Texas, acting as a diversion in favor of operations in Louisiana. This army is bent on ravaging the wheat fields of northern Texas, and will turn loose upon the homes of our people the horde of robbers and murderers, who have disgraced civilizationln Missouri, and made the fairest portion of that state a scene of desolation. The enemy, knowing that a large portion of the troops who have defeated him in Louisiana, are fresh from this district may suppose the invasion of Texas easy, and endeavor to secure such success, at least to this part of the programme. It behooves us, therefore, to adopt the most active and energetic measures to throw an army in his front, capable of securing the same brilliant results that [crowned] the valor of our arms in Louisiana.

Troops are needed at once in every part of Texas, but the present danger particularly requires them on the northern frontier. Every patriotic man, between the age of seventeen and fifty years, I will consider that his services are not only due the country but that duty requires him to respond to her call at once. Every man transferred from the state troops to the Reserve Corps, who respects the authority of the state, will hasten to the battalion camps and aid in forming companies to march at once to the general rendezvous. Those who delay to gain a few days of grace at home risk not only the safety of their country but certain conscription and add to the perils and hardships of the campaign, which they are to share. Wait not, therefore, for the coming of the conscript officer, who, supported by detachments from old regiments, will execute the laws after that time. Duty, honor and patriotism demand your presence in the field now, and as you value the respect of the men who are to be your comrades in arms, hesitate no longer.

Glorious as have been our successes in Louisiana, and disastrous as have been the results to the enemy, he is still in posses- sion of a force capable of conducting defensive operations until reinforcements reach him. Texas, therefore, must rely upon the . troops now in her limits and upon those yet to come into the field for her defense. I appeal to the people, both those embracing the Reserve Corps and those whose duty it is made to join the old regiments, to yield to the patriotic impulses which fill the breast of Texans at a moment of such peril to their state. In appealing to the people to respond to this call, I feel that I have a right to expect a prompt compliance on the part of every patriotic citizen. It has been my endeavor in organizing the Reserve Corps under the recent act of Congress, to carry out the spirit of the law, so far as providing for the subsistence of the army in the field and the soldiers' families are concerned. The liberal system of details adopted, based upon the idea that the man who remains at home must devote himself to the public service, is a guarantee to the soldier that while he is toiling to win our liberties in the field, his neighbor is at home, who alike owes service to the country, shall not [be] permitted to speculate upon the necessities of his family or refuse them subsistence, except at exorbitant prices. This act of justice to the soldiers shows that his government appreciates his devotion and will protect his wife and little ones against the greedy aims of those who are not willing to share his toils. None need, therefore, to hesitate to come to the field, for I pledge the country that the energy and power at my command shall be put forth to secure to their families the benefits of the law of Congress.

I therefore urge the Reserve Corps from the following counties to assemble immediately at their battalion camps and after organizing into companies, march immediately to the points named, viz.: Companies organized in the following named counties will rendezvous for regimental organization at Hempstead, viz.: Galveston, Chambers, Liberty, Polk, Tyler, Harden, Jasper, Newton, Jefferson, Orange, Brazoria, Fort Bend, Harris, Mont­gomery, Grimes, Walker, Madison, Leon, Brazos, Burleson, Robertson, Matagorda, Wharton, Colorado, Fayette, Austin, Washington, Bastrop, Travis, Hays, Milam, Williamson, Bell, Falls, and McClellan.

  Recruiting parties are now en route to every county in the  state. Men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five have thus presented to them the opportunity to choose their own commands. Companies formed from men of this class are urged to hasten the organization and to march at once.

Orders just received from General Smith state that the organization of the Reserve Corps must be completed by May 11, in accordance with General Orders No. 1, Headquarters, Reserve Corps. All men between seventeen and eighteen and forty-five and fifty years of age, who desire to perform service within their state in organizations of their own selection, have therefore the privilege of doing so. After that day, the entire conscript element of the state, between the ages of seventeen and fifty years of age,will be subject alone to the action and order of the Conscript Department.



Commanding District of Texas, New Mexico andArizon

[The Houston Daily Telegraph, newspaper, Houston, Texas, 2, 1864]

During the Civil War soldiers homes were established at some 60 different towns and cities throughout Texas. The troopers received meals and lodging for extremely reasonable prices and many homes offered free meals and lodging. Such a place was Bertwick's Hotel in Richmond, Texas.                        Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

During the Civil War a private manufacture that contracted with the Confederate States Government was Fort Bend Manufacturing Company. They produced cloth fabric, wood and iron products.                                                                                     Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

During the Civil War years, education in Fort Bend went through difficult times. The schools had to be closed and the people were financially pressed during the Reconstruction to get them back up and running again. They could not afford payments for schooling as well as the additional taxation.                 Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

Civil War effects Fort Bend after the war

The war was lost, and all fighting ceased in 1865.On June 19, 1865 General Gordon arrived in Galveston and acting for the President ordered all slaves freed. This was the beginning of  five years from 1865 to 1870, when policies of the state government were dictated from Washington. Most of the Texans who returned home found they were broke.                                                                                        Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

The Walnut Grove Plantation decayed after the Civil War. Crops of corn and cotton that had been planted when the war ended were lost when the freed slaves rode through the cotton fields on horseback trampling the standing crop.

Deaths occurred and in the footsteps of sorrow came ruin. Grandmother not only lost her slaves but all her crops. Before the Civil War, the Walnut Plantation was a popular place for the elite of Houston to leisurely visit for extended periods. The interior of the home was lavishly decorated, but after the Civil War, Union soldiers occupied the home and, according to records, "spat on the Brussels carpet." Mrs. Nibbs lost her plantation after the war.

During the reconstruction era after the Civil War the courthouse was moved to several locations until a three-story building was purchased from C. H. Kendall for $7,500. In 1866 there was only one white man employed by Fort Bend County. Mr. Huff was the county clerk. Anybody that supported the confederacy was not eligible to work for the county.

James Ashley Davis was a handsome, happy-go-lucky, man from Pittsville who was kind to both men and animals. When he was still a young man, he joined the Confederacy and engaged in the Civil War. Accompanied by a man servant, he rode off too battle mounted on a grey horse.

When his friends suggested that he made a good target on a grey horse, he said he did not think the Yankee soldiers were marksmen. He was mistaken, however, as he was wounded several times. One of his wounds was through the mouth and would appear as dimples on both cheeks for the rest of his life.

Davis fought at Shiloh and Murfreesboro, Tennessee, before returning to home to recover from his wounds. Once healed, he rejoined the fighting until the war ended.

It's told  he was a sober Christian man who was trusted by local ranchers to drive their cattle to market. He made several trips over the trails with Texas Longhornes to the railhead at Abeline, Kansas. While living in a ranch house at Foster, Davis died in 1906.                                                  The Museum of Southern History

During the Cvil War Richmond remained fairly isolated from conflict. After it was over and area slaves had received their emancipation, many made Richmond their home.          Historical  Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum

My-owned loved Irene .

I amrather low spirited today; having heard of our great loss east of the Mississippi river—When heard of the fall of Charleston,  Wilmington, Fort  F isher  and finally of the fall of  Richmond I still had hopes - I knew that our great General Lee was there and directing: the movement of our armies.  But now alas; he is lost to cur cause.  In his capture we lost one of our greatest if not the greatest Genl.  It has had chilling effect .on the majority of our men.  Every one looks as though some near and dear  one had gone to that  above home.  I have not heard the particulars in regard to Lee's surrender - Some say that he surrendered only ten thousand men while others place it as high as forty eight thousand.  If the last be the correct figures, and I believe true, it will have a disastrous effect on cur cause.

If foreign intervention does not come soon and that very soon our cause will be hopeless - I dislike very much to write that word but it is ray firm belief.  When I last wrote you I expressed the opinion that with Lee at the helm, he would bring our ship to a safe harbor.  But now he is gone, and there is no one in whom I have the least confidence - Johnson is a favorite with a great many but in him I have no confidence.  Beauregard I admire.  But he is not the man for the emergency.  And there is no one to look to for help in this our dark  dark day Except the good being, and I have almost come to the conclusion that he has left us to our fate - It may be that we do not deserve to be favored by him, for our many sins and transgressions.  Yet I know that our enemies have committed sins that would cause our most wicked man to blush and I don’t think a just God would favor such people.  But our fate is his hands. The good book says .that he chastens those he loves - and it may still be well with us ;.- Should we be defeated and subdued we will leave this God forsaken country ;and seek a home in some favored spot where insult will not be offered us.

It will be sad indeed to leave our home

The cherished friends to sever

 We will not check the tears that come

The parting will beforever

We will seek a home in some far off clime amid strangers who will never know our sorrows, and there we will walk gently down the slope of life, and rest  together a the foot.  I am sad today dear one and it is a relief to me. to write you in this way.  I  am selfish I know to burden you with my sorrows but I have no one to whom I will un­bosom my thoughts  except you -and if I make you sad by the perusal of this letter, don’t think the less of me for it.  But pity the sorrows of your unhappy husband and bear with him - Things may not be as I think and should providence favor us and we ultimately gain our freedom we may refer to this my dark day and smile at my want of confidence in our Maker.

But when I think of those loved ones at our old home to know that they will have to  submit to the insults and indignities that will be Heaped upon them my blood boils at the very thought and if it were not for you I would rather die, than to know that those I love so well, should be subjected to such treatment - If it were not for leaving you
behind I would rather, much rather die than to see my country subjugated,.

     But when I think of  you - you to be left alone with no one to care for  you- life is sweet to me,  for  you and you alone . . . Oh that I could be with you so that  you:  might drive this cloud away from that I could be  myself once more -I feel old Irene.  I may not look old but my feelings  are those of an old man who has tried to attend some cherished object and failed - But enough of this.  I  am afraid I will make you as wretched as I  am and God knows that I do not wish to make you unhappy - Happiness for you is what I crave.  May you be  happy .is .my  wish – and  your  happiness  is  the  only  thing.

We have a rumor in camp that we will go west - to be stationed at San Antonio - Whether  we will go or not is uncertain - Orders are changed so often that I can hardly keep up with them - I would like to go west, as I  have  never been further west than Austin, would like to look at the country-

I wrote to Paul the other day but whether the letter will reach him or not I cant say if he was captured with Lee it will not reach him, and if he is with Johnson it may reach him if it crosses the Miss.  I understand it is very difficult for one to cross going east but coming west there is no difficulty - The Yankees in some instances have set our men over coming west - but catch all going east —

Remember me in kindness to Mr. and Mrs. B. also to Mrs. Mc and Mrs. T.  Tell Sue I have not forgotten her promise -So good bye my ever remembered and dear one and believe me as ever  yours

J. W. W.

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